On any given weekend, an avid Whitman Blues Athletic fan can venture to the court or the pool or the fields around campus to see a sports team in competition. Training can be observed in a similar fashion, with athletes being spotted running, swimming, throwing, hitting, or training in their respective domains. Yet, on occasion, these on-campus routines are interjected with travel to and from competition, or for the potential exotic training trip to Southern California or Hawaii, or even perhaps Costa Rica.
The multitude of away games, matches, and meets in the Pacific Northwest as well as the larger trips spanning multiple states, if not countries, may seem to be spiking the expense report of the college’s athletic department. While this trend in increased spending is seen across Division III athletic programs, there is also additional funding from beyond the college’s budget.
Division III athletics has a tradition of allowing students to balance their athletic passions with academic workload. Therefore, there is an absence of athletic scholarship offered at NCAA Division III schools, less commitment required from its athletes, and relatively fewer resources funded by the colleges.
Consequently, schools with Division III programs have less of an obligation to invest in their athletic programs. As of 2014, the median funds NCAA Division III teams receive from their respective institutions is only four percent of the institutions’ total expenditures. Yet, on average, the athletic budgets have had to be adjusted for greater numbers of athletes as well as a greater emphasis on expanding the opportunities for each of the teams through more diverse competition and training conditions.
In 2015, the NCAA published a Division III expense report, spanning the years from 2004 to 2014, studying the changes, allocations, and disparities in athletic expenditures between football and non-football schools, men’s and women’s teams, and private and state programs.
Over the past ten years, there has been a 157 percent increase in country-wide Division III athletic expenses at non-football schools. This increase in expenses can be attributed to both the increase in the number of student athletes, with female student-athletes increasing by 25.2 percent and males increasing by 18.1 percent, and the increase in expense per individual athlete, that has increased by 114.8 percent per athlete for non-football schools. The study also showed a disparity in budgeting depending on sport.
Without a football program, the most expense heavy teams were ice hockey, basketball and baseball. For example, the median men’s basketball program expense was $115,300 in 2014, whereas men’s tennis was $31,200. On the women’s side, basketball was $95,600, while tennis was $27,000.
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